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Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials.
A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer.
In stage 0, abnormal cells are found in tissue lining the inside of the bladder.
These abnormal cells may become cancer and spread into nearby normal tissue.
Treatment given after surgery, to lower the risk that the cancer will come back, is called adjuvant therapy.
Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.
For example, if bladder cancer spreads to the bone, the cancer cells in the bone are actually bladder cancer cells.
The following tests and procedures may be used in the staging process: The metastatic tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor.When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy).When chemotherapy is placed directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy).The bladder is a hollow organ in the lower part of the abdomen.It is shaped like a small balloon and has a muscular wall that allows it to get larger or smaller to store urine made by the kidneys.