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Gender Gap: Unlike the rest of the world, there is a ‘reverse’ gender gap in the region with girls outperforming boys in grade 4 math results, a trend that generally continues into grade 8.
In a region not known for gender equity, these statistics raise a number of interesting questions that merit further exploration..
Core regional programs, in Early Childhood Education (ECD), Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Teacher Policy and Practice, Assessment, and Entrepreneurship, aim to improve the quality of education across MENA. Time for Action in the Middle East and North Africa, this regional Flagship Report, discusses how the rules and the incentives that govern labor markets in MENA countries have led to inefficient and inequitable outcomes from the personal and collective standpoint.
Several underlying distortions prevent a more productive use of human capital and have led to a widespread sense of unfairness and exclusion, of which the Arab Spring was a powerful expression.
Acknowledging this, the region’s 22 Ministers of Education came to together to endorse the Doha Declaration on Education Quality in November 2010 calling in effect for action on this pressing issue.
Skills Mismatch: At the same time, evidence points to a pervasive mismatch between the skills required by the job market and those taught in schools.Government Financing Commitment: MENA governments have shown strong commitment to funding public education.The average public investment in education across the region as a percentage of GDP is above 5.3% of GDP.If there are 108 students, how many teachers should be present?’ More than half of all grade 8 (13 year old) students in the region could not answer this question.